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THE RIGHT TO FAIR HEARING

The right to a fair hearing is perhaps the most intrinsic of all guaranteed rights. It is the foundation on which all other rights hold ground because it is at the root of the administration of both civil and criminal justice. It connotes a judicial proceeding that is conducted in such a manner as to conform to fundamental concepts of justice and equality.

THE RIGHT TO LIFE

Life is the most precious and the most important of all human rights; it is only when the right to life is ensured, that all other rights can be obtained and effectively enjoyed.

HISTORICAL EVOLUTION AND PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION OF THE CONCEPT OF HUMAN RIGHTS.

Overtime, rights have been agitated for. Then, they were not referred to as rights in the real sense of the word. The concept of human rights has its philosophical ancestry in the natural law school. The foundation of human rights is therefore natural law and the subsequent concept of natural rights.

THE CONCEPT AND PHILOSOPHY OF HUMAN RIGHTS.

The Concept of 'Right' The word “rights” to a lay man means that to which a person has a just or valid claim, whether it be land, a thing, or the privilege of doing something or saying something. In the legal parlance, a right is the legal capacity residing in one man or a group of men of controlling, with the assent and the assistance of the state, the actions of others or even the state.

JUDICIAL PROCESS

This is the process by which rights and duties are determined in the legal order. There is a clear separation between the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. The central idea in this doctrine is to make sure power is not concentrated in the hands of one arm of government and to ensure checks and balances among the three arms of government. But it has also been noted that the doctrine does not mean strict compartmentalized separation as their functions may overlap. For example, though it’s the main duty of the Legislature to make laws, the executive and judiciary may also make laws in certain instances.

LAW AND REVOLUTION

This chapter is concerned with the state of things under a legal order and what happens when a legal order is displaced and replaced by another. We must start with Hans Kelsen’s conception of law.

CHARACTER EVIDENCE

Character[1] is about one’s reputation, that is, what one is known for. The opposite of character is disposition (the tendency to behave in a particular way once in a while). We will be looking at character evidence in the light of reputation or personality traits. The relevant sections are sections 77-82EA. S. 77EA says character means someone’s reputation as opposed to his disposition. There are two sides of the coin; the positive and negative sides. On the positive side we have what is called the good character and on the negative side is what we call the bad character.