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DEEDS

Definition A Deed is any legal instrument in writing which passes, affirms or confirms an interest, right, or property and that is signed, sealed and delivered[1]. It furnishes evidence or information about something[2]. A Deed is a major instrument used in property transactions in Nigeria: it effects the conveyance of legal interest in land.

GENERAL OVERVIEW AND LEGAL WORK

IntroductionThe term ‘property’ has diverse meanings but it has been defined as the right to possess, use, and enjoy a determinate thing (either a tract of land or a chattel); the right of ownership. The word is commonly used to denote everything which is the subject of ownership, corporeal or incorporeal, tangible or intangible, visible or invisible, real or personal[1]. Property Law Practice deals with property transactions and laws applicable to tangible or real property (i.e. land, anything attached to land or any interest in land).

Transactions Affecting Land 1. Pledge: A pledge is a bailment that conveys possessory title to property owned by a debtor (the pledgor) to a creditor (the pledgee) to secure repayment for some debt or obligation and to the mutual benefit of both parties[2].Under customary law, a pledge of land is an arrangement, whereby the owner-occupier of land known as the pledgor, in order to secure an advance of money or money’s worth, gives possession and the use of…

THE RIGHT TO FAIR HEARING

The right to a fair hearing is perhaps the most intrinsic of all guaranteed rights. It is the foundation on which all other rights hold ground because it is at the root of the administration of both civil and criminal justice. It connotes a judicial proceeding that is conducted in such a manner as to conform to fundamental concepts of justice and equality.

THE RIGHT TO LIFE

Life is the most precious and the most important of all human rights; it is only when the right to life is ensured, that all other rights can be obtained and effectively enjoyed.

HISTORICAL EVOLUTION AND PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION OF THE CONCEPT OF HUMAN RIGHTS.

Overtime, rights have been agitated for. Then, they were not referred to as rights in the real sense of the word. The concept of human rights has its philosophical ancestry in the natural law school. The foundation of human rights is therefore natural law and the subsequent concept of natural rights.

THE CONCEPT AND PHILOSOPHY OF HUMAN RIGHTS.

The Concept of 'Right' The word “rights” to a lay man means that to which a person has a just or valid claim, whether it be land, a thing, or the privilege of doing something or saying something. In the legal parlance, a right is the legal capacity residing in one man or a group of men of controlling, with the assent and the assistance of the state, the actions of others or even the state.

JUDICIAL PROCESS

This is the process by which rights and duties are determined in the legal order. There is a clear separation between the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. The central idea in this doctrine is to make sure power is not concentrated in the hands of one arm of government and to ensure checks and balances among the three arms of government. But it has also been noted that the doctrine does not mean strict compartmentalized separation as their functions may overlap. For example, though it’s the main duty of the Legislature to make laws, the executive and judiciary may also make laws in certain instances.