THE SUBJUNCTIVES (by ABEL OLANIYI)

     The subjunctive is the form of a verb that expresses wishes, possibilities or uncertainties. The subjunctive forms are: 
i. I wish
ii. If only 
iii. As if
iv. Supposing
v. I would rather 
vi. It's high time

     The time being referred to, must be ascertained when any of these subjunctive forms are used because the tense of the verb to be used are determined by the time. 


THE PRINCIPLES
i. If the sentence refers to an action in the present, the verb is given in the past tense. 
ii. If the sentence refers to an action in the future, the verb will also be in the past tense
iii. if the sentence refers to an action in the past, the verb will be in the past perfect tense. 
     Below are the various principles and the uses of the subjunctives:
It's high time we leave (Incorrect)
It's high time we left (Correct)

I would rather you speak with the director tomorrow (Incorrect)
I would rather you spoke with the director tomorrow (Correct)

You had better started preparing for the party now (Incorrect)
You had better start preparing for the party now (Correct)

If I am you, I will fight him (Incorrect)
If I were you, I would fight him (Correct)

I wish you wrote this book last year (Incorrect)
I wish you had written this book last year (Correct)

You talk to me as if you are my mother (Incorrect)
You talk to me as if you were my mother (Correct)

I wish he can come tomorrow (Incorrect)
I wish he could come tomorrow (Correct)

I would rather went to the market than to the stream (Incorrect)
I would rather go to the market than to the stream (Correct)

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