Showing posts from March, 2017


This chapter is concerned with the state of things under a legal order and what happens when a legal order is displaced and replaced by another. We must start with Hans Kelsen’s conception of law.


Character[1] is about one’s reputation, that is, what one is known for. The opposite of character is disposition (the tendency to behave in a particular way once in a while). We will be looking at character evidence in the light of reputation or personality traits. The relevant sections are sections 77-82EA. S. 77EA says character means someone’s reputation as opposed to his disposition. There are two sides of the coin; the positive and negative sides. On the positive side we have what is called the good character and on the negative side is what we call the bad character.


The definition of hearsay is contained in S. 37 EA. There are two definitions of the word. First, ‘hearsay’ means a statement, whether oral or written, made otherwise than by a witness in a proceeding. Secondly, ‘hearsay’ means a statement contained or recorded in a book, document or any record whatever proof of which is not admissible under the Act, which is tendered in evidence for the purpose of proving the truth of the matter stated in it.